Paris Tourism

Paris Information

History

Paris has a rich history, dating back to 3rd century BC when it was first founded as Lutetia by the Parisii tribe of Gauls. In 1st century BC, Roman conquerors ruled, until the 5th century AD when the Franks took control and renamed the city to Paris.

During the middle ages, Paris continued to grow and prosper, despite repeated conflicts with Norsemen and the English. The 17th century Renaissance gave way to an outbreak of architectural design and construction, which resulted in some of Paris's most famous palaces and cathedrals.

The ruling monarchy of France continued until the French Revolution in the late 18th century. Following the French Revolution, France came under the rule of Napoleon, who proceeded to conquer much of Europe. Napoleon left his legacy in the form of the magnificent Arc de Triomphe.

In the late 19th century, the Eiffel Tower, the most famous landmark in France, was built. Paris continued to thrive into the 20th century as a world famous city rich in culture and heritage. It continues this legacy into the 21st century.

Facts & Figures
  • Land Area: 105 square kilometers (41 square miles)
  • Population: approx. 12 million
  • Language: French
  • Currency: Euro
  • Average Temperatures: 19.5°C (summer) to 4°C (winter)

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